Indonesian Population Density c.1500

Rhynchophorus ferrugineus — Malay: ulat sagu, English: red palm weevil — is a species of beetle whose larvae feed on the pith of fallen sago trees. The larvae are edible and are even considered a delicacy in parts of Indo-Malaysia. More importantly, they allow sago orchards to provide fats and proteins in addition to the carbohydrates in the pith. Photo can be found here.
Jakarta is now extremely densely populated, but there’s no reason to believe it was always like this. Author’s photo, 2014.
I suspect Kupang (West Timor, Nusa Tenggara Timur) is a better analogue for a medieval Indonesian city than most of those found in modern western Indonesia. Kupang is a sprawling low-density city of 500,000 people broken up by gardens and orchards and split into discrete barrios with their own signs, names, gates, and identities. Early descriptions suggest this is what the bigger cities of western Indonesia were like c.1500 CE (albeit without the corrugated zinc and iron roofs). Author’s photo, 2014.
A relief at Candi Sukuh (mid-fifteenth century, Central Java) probably showing a palace or garden wall. Leiden University Digital Collection.

Moha teuing nu ti heula,
teka sarua reana
na lanang deungeun na wadon.
Hidepeng karah mo waya,
ja dini di tengah nusa,
gumanti leuleuwih oman,
rea manan urang Jawa,
timbun manan di Malayu.
Di inya aing teu heubeul,
Satahun deung sataraban.
Pulang deui ka uruting.

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Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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Medieval Indonesia

Medieval Indonesia

Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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