Old Sundanese 101: Part III — Reading a Line of Poetry

Fig. 1 — The first line of “Bujangga Manik”. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Jav. b.3. (R), f.1v. (f.?r on the Bodleian site.)

Script

Basics

Fig. 2 — The syllable ⟨ka⟩ in the Old Sundanese “lontar” script. This isn’t composed of two separate signs, one for ‘k’ and the other for ‘a’; it’s one inseparable sign for the whole syllable.

BM 1

Fig. 3 — BM 1, with boxes showing the divisions between each aksara.
Fig. 4— BM 1 in the manuscript, marked up to show the values of the aksaras.
Fig. 5 — Three diacritics in BM 1. These change the syllables a bit.

Diacritics

Fig. 6 — The “panglayar”, representing ⟨-r⟩, in isolation.
Fig. 7 — The “panyecek”, representing ⟨-ng⟩, in isolation.
Fig. 8 — The “panghulu”, representing ⟨-i⟩, in isolation.
Fig. 9 — All the signs and marks in the first line of “Bujangga Manik”.
Fig. 10 — Now you ought to be able to ‘read’ all the signs. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Jav. b.3. (R), f.1v.

Grammar

Verbs

Nouns

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Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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Medieval Indonesia

Medieval Indonesia

Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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