Old Sundanese 101: Part IV — Killing Vowels

Fig. 1 — A table of all the aksaras in the first line of “Bujangga Manik”.
Fig. 2 — “Palataran alas Demak”. Line 85 in “Bujangga Manik”. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Jav. b.3. (R), f.2v.

Script

Fig. 3 — The punctuation in BM 85.
Fig. 4 — Aksaras you may remember from the last post: ⟨pa⟩, ⟨ta⟩, ⟨-r⟩, ⟨sa⟩, ⟨ma⟩, ⟨ka⟩. You may also recognise the aksara ⟨da⟩ below the ⟨sa⟩. I’ll talk more about that below.
Fig. 5 — BM 85, marked up to show divisions between the characters (not including diacritics).
Fig. 6 — The remaining signs in BM 85.
Fig. 7 — Old Sundanese vowel chart.
Fig. 8 — The two pamaéhs in BM 85.
Fig. 9 — The aksara ⟨da⟩ hanging down from aksara ⟨sa⟩.
Fig. 10 — Two syllables: ⟨tar ra⟩, but read “tara”.

Grammar & Vocabulary

Fig. 11 — Demak on a map of modern Java. The town is less important now than it used to be, and it’s quite a bit further inland (due to progradation of the coastline, a common phenomenon in Java).

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Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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Medieval Indonesia

Medieval Indonesia

Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.