The Indian Ocean on the Walsperger World Map (1448)

Fig. 1— A complete view of the Walsperger World Map. Rome, Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Pal. lat. 1362 B.

Medieval Latin Christian Depictions of Southeast Asia

Fig. 2 —Part of the description of the islands of the Indian Ocean in an early manuscript of the Etymologiae (Bobbio?, c.700–750). ‘Crisæ & argiræ Insulæ In Indico oceano sitæ…’ Tricky script! Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf. 64 Weiss, f.214vb.
Fig. 3 — Place names on the contents page of the oldest manuscript of Rustichello da Pisa’s ‘Divisiment dou Monde’, the account of the travels of Marco Polo. Note that there are two Javas, one big and one small. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Français 1116, f.3r, c.1310.
Fig. 4— Ptolemaic map of southern Asia printed at Ulm in 1486 by Johann Refer. Oxford, Bodleian Library, Arch. B b. 19, f.1br.
Fig. 5— A map of the eastern Indian Ocean in Hartmann Schedel’s 1493 Liber Chronicarum (aka the Nuremberg Chronicle). Cambridge, Cambridge University Library, Inc.0.A.7.2[888], f.XIIIr.
Fig. 6— Southeast Asia as it appears on the Behaim-Globus (or ‘Behaim Erdapfel’), the oldest extant globe, made by Martin Behaim in Nuremberg in 1492. Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg.
Fig. 7— Cartoons of John Mandeville, Odoric of Pordenone, and Poggio Bracciolini in Hartmann Schedel’s ‘Liber Chronicarum’. Although Schedel and his collaborators appear to have been aware of all three, no information from their accounts appears in the Liber. Cambridge, Cambridge University Library, Inc.0.A.7.2[888].

Andreas Walsperger’s c.1448 Mappamundi

Fig. 8— The Malay Peninsula in its Ptolemaic form on the Walsperger world map. Note how close it is to South Arabia and Ethiopia, and note also the presence of the islands ‘Crisa’ (Gold) and ‘Argeia’ (Silver) — legendary Indian Ocean islands whose names appear in Pomponius Mela’s ‘De Chorographia’ (43 CE) and thus also in Isidore’s ‘Etymologiae’ (c.600–625).
Fig. 9— The Indian Ocean as it appears on the Walsperger map, with Java right at its southeastern edge between the mainlands of Africa and Asia.
Fig. 10 — The same view of the Walsperger world map slightly zoomed in.

Epilogue

Fig. 11 — The beginning of the fourth book of Poggio Bracciolini’s De Varietate Fortunæ, an early copy of 1460. Rome, Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, Urb.lat. 224, f.42v.

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Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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Medieval Indonesia

Medieval Indonesia

Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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