Two Early Descriptions of Camphor Production

Figure 1– An illustration of camphor being sold in a late-fourteenth-century northern Italian manuscript of the Latin “Tacuinum Sanitatis” (a translation of a work by the eleventh-century Iraqi Christian scholar Ibn Buṭlān). Vienna, ÖNB, Cod. Ser. N. 2644, f.94r.
Figure 2— Dryobalanops aromatica in the Forest Research Centre, Kuala Lumpur. Source.

Duàn Chéngshì (段成式)

Ibn Khurradādhbih (ابن خرداذبه)

Figure 3 — A rather inaccurate map of part of island Southeast Asia in al-Idrīsī’s “Tabula Rogeriana” (originally drawn in 1154). On it we find various islands with the name “Jāba(h)” (the small ones in the middle), clearly derived from ‘Jawa’ (i.e. Java). Paris, BnF, Arabe 2221, f.36v-37r. 1325 CE.

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Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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Medieval Indonesia

Medieval Indonesia

Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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