Cloves and Carnations

Fig. 1 — Dried cloves. Photo taken from Wikipedia, even though I own a camera and some cloves. I must be getting lazy. h/t Brian Arthur.

Chaucer’s Cloves

Fig. 2 — Indonesian spices in the Hengwrt Chaucer. Aberystwyth, National Library of Wales, MS Peniarth 392D, f.214r.
Fig. 3 — Cloves (<clous> and <clowes>) in two recipes for ‘mawmenee’, one in French and the other in English, both from fourteenth-century England. The name ‘mawmenee’, incidentally, is believed to have come from Ma’mūniyya, the Arabic name of a famous poultry dish whose original recipe was attributed to the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma’mūn (المأمون). Top: London, British Library, Royal MS 12 C XII, f.11r. Bottom: London, British Library, Add MS 5016, f.3r.
Fig. 4 — <gilofre of gode smakke> ‘clove of good flavour’ in the fourteenth-century poem The Land of Cokaygne, which was written in an Irish dialect of Middle English. Many other spices, including some Indonesian ones (like the <cububes> ‘cubebs’ on the line below), are mentioned in the same section. This is clearly a reference to the spice, not the carnation. London, British Library, Harley MS 913, f.4v.

‘Peppercorns’ and Cloves

Fig. 5— The tiny clove-producing islands of eastern Indonesia

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Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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Medieval Indonesia

Medieval Indonesia

Posting about ancient and medieval Indonesia, up to ~1500 CE. Mainly into 14th & 15th century stuff, but earlier is fine too.

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